[Marxism] National liberation and Bolshevism reexamined: A view from the borderlands

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Tue May 20 11:08:30 MDT 2014


Despite their desire to build a party representing all workers of the 
empire, the Bolsheviks’ roots among non-Russians—and their policies 
towards them—were remarkably weak on the eve of 1917.[74] While this was 
certainly not the sole cause of the revolution’s defeat outside Central 
Russia, it was an important factor. The Bolsheviks were too isolated to 
make a serious bid for power in Georgia, which declared its 
independence.[75] Similarly, in Finland the Bolsheviks had little 
influence over the course of the revolution, which was crushed by 
1918.[76] In Ukraine and Azerbaijan, soviet governments were established 
with virtually no native support and were soon driven from power.[77] 
These failures facilitated a prolonged and devastating Civil War that 
took place principally in the borderlands.[78] Sovietization was 
eventually established in Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine in large 
measure through intervention by the Red Army, but the 1920 Red Army 
invasion of Poland catastrophically backfired.[79]



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