[Marxism] Poroshenko’s Finlandization and Non-Bloc Status vs Tymoshenko’s NATO Membership | Current Politics in Ukraine

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Sun May 25 17:13:03 MDT 2014


(Ukraineanalysis is a rightwing blog. What's interesting is that even 
though Tymoshenko, the loser in the presidential election, was for 
joining NATO, she was preferred by Putin. Typical of Ukraine's tangled 
politics.)

Poroshenko’s support for non-bloc status goes a long way to satisfying 
Russia’s demands for Ukraine’s Finlandization – a permanent buffer 
between East and West in a geopolitical no man’s land. Poroshenko’s 
position on NATO also conforms to his pro-Russian position in two other 
areas.

Firstly, his support for the April 2010 “Kharkiv Accords” that 
unconstitutionally and illegally extended the Black Sea Fleet base to 
the middle of the century making Sevastopol a de facto permanent Russian 
base. The irony of his support for the “Kharkiv Accords” is that the 
so-called “gas discount” was calculated using the 2009 gas contract 
pricing formula.

Secondly, Poroshenko has called for dropping four-country 
(EU-US-Ukraine-Russia) talks and replacing them with direct 
Russian-Ukrainian negotiations. Why does Poroshenko not value the 
support given to Ukraine by Washington and Brussels?

Poroshenko’s foreign policy represents a counter-revolution against the 
positions adopted by Ukraine’s first three presidents and fully conforms 
to the policies that were supported by Yanukovych. This is evident in 
three areas:

     --Ukraine’s first three presidents supported the Black Sea Fleet 
base based on the 1997 20-year “temporary agreement” clause in the 
constitution. Yanukovych and Poroshenko support the “Kharkiv Accords” 
that extends the base until the middle of the century making it de facto 
permanent.

     --Ukraine’s first three presidents supported NATO membership while 
Yanukovych and Poroshenko do not.

     --Ukraine’s first three presidents always believed Ukraine, as a 
smaller and less militarily and economically powerful country to Russia, 
needed the support of the West behind its shoulders when negotiating 
with Russia. This was why in the 1990s President Leonid Kuchma and 
National Security and Defence Council Secretary Volodymyr Horbulin 
supported NATO enlargement, joined Partnership for Peace and established 
very close ties with the US (Ukraine in the late 1990s was the 3rd 
largest recipient of US aid).

Poroshenko’s foreign policy reflects the views of a Ukrainian 
businessman who favors Ukraine’s Finlandization because this will assist 
his business interests in Russia. In 2006 President Viktor Yushchenko 
elevated his hostility to Tymoshenko over Ukraine’s national security 
and today Poroshenko is prioritizing his business interests over that of 
Ukraine’s security interests.

full: 
http://ukraineanalysis.wordpress.com/2014/05/25/poroshenkos-finlandization-and-non-bloc-status-vs-tymoshenkos-nato-membership/



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