[Marxism] Fwd: The War in Yemen is Political, Ecological: Forget Sunnis and Shiites | Informed Comment
lnp3 at panix.com
Tue Apr 7 08:02:01 MDT 2015
Yemen is has one of the world’s top population growth rates (2.72-), yet
practices agriculture in the arid and semi-arid climates. Yemen is now
facing one of the world’s most severe water crises, which poses threats
to its economic foundation and social fabric. The shortage of surface
water is compounded by low levels of ground water (40 meters below
normal). To meet the demands of the population, deeper water wells had
to be drilled in order to access the falling water tables. Intensive
drilling has produced infiltration of polluted water and salinization of
the agricultural soil.
This dependency on groundwater has produced the possibility that large
portion of Yemen could run out of fresh water in the near future and
become the first “ecologically failed state.” Sana’a and the fertile
agriculture regions of the north also face serious water challenges.
Yemen has not met the per-capita World Bank standard for water security
since mid-20th century. Desalinization of seawater is too costly and
technologically out of reach for Yemen’s overly dependent economy. The
ongoing war has now interrupted the U.N. Development Program, which
aimed to address the groundwater depletion problem by returning to a
more traditional method of irrigation by relying on the existing
community level abilities.
More information about the Marxism