[Marxism] Fwd: The War in Yemen is Political, Ecological: Forget Sunnis and Shiites | Informed Comment

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Tue Apr 7 08:02:01 MDT 2015


Yemen is has one of the world’s top population growth rates (2.72-), yet 
practices agriculture in the arid and semi-arid climates. Yemen is now 
facing one of the world’s most severe water crises, which poses threats 
to its economic foundation and social fabric. The shortage of surface 
water is compounded by low levels of ground water (40 meters below 
normal). To meet the demands of the population, deeper water wells had 
to be drilled in order to access the falling water tables. Intensive 
drilling has produced infiltration of polluted water and salinization of 
the agricultural soil.

This dependency on groundwater has produced the possibility that large 
portion of Yemen could run out of fresh water in the near future and 
become the first “ecologically failed state.” Sana’a and the fertile 
agriculture regions of the north also face serious water challenges. 
Yemen has not met the per-capita World Bank standard for water security 
since mid-20th century. Desalinization of seawater is too costly and 
technologically out of reach for Yemen’s overly dependent economy. The 
ongoing war has now interrupted the U.N. Development Program, which 
aimed to address the groundwater depletion problem by returning to a 
more traditional method of irrigation by relying on the existing 
community level abilities.

full: http://www.juancole.com/2015/04/political-ecological-shiites.html



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