[Marxism] Fwd: Brazil Wavers on Environment, and Earth’s Largest Wetland Starts to Wither - The New York Times
lnp3 at panix.com
Sun Dec 24 13:03:59 MST 2017
(The article states that under the Workers Party, Brazil "was celebrated
abroad for its aggressive efforts to curb rampant Amazon deforestation."
That's a crock of shit. In the same way that Obama paved the way for
Trump, Lula and Rousseff paved the way for Temer.)
Brazil’s booming soy industry and cattle ranches are threatening one of
the richest wildlife havens on the planet, where packs of jaguars,
caimans, marsh deer and macaws have roamed freely for eons.
The Pantanal region, the world’s largest tropical wetlands, is starting
to wither. Over the last 15 years, about 8,700 square miles of the area,
which straddles Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia, have been altered, with
fast-growing patches of yellow, arid land introduced into the lush
biome, which covers roughly 70,000 square miles, or about the size of Syria.
This degradation of the Pantanal is seen by critics as one sign of
Brazil’s weakening resolve to protect its environment.
While the Brazilian government earlier this year hailed a modest
achievement in its signature environmental fight — containing the
deforestation of the Amazon — it has been embarrassed by other trend
lines. The country’s greenhouse gas emissions increased by 9 percent
last year, compared with 2015, marking the highest output since 2008.
Fueled in large part by the conversion of forested land for farming and
other commercial purposes, last year’s emissions increase has called
into question Brazil’s ability to honor its international commitments to
combat climate change, including those under the Paris agreement.
Additionally, mapping data compiled by the Brazilian Institute of
Geography and Statistics released earlier this month showed the country
lost 9.5 percent of its forest land between 2000 and 2014.
The expansion of agriculture into areas with few environmental
regulations, or lax enforcement, has coincided with a politically
turbulent period in Brazil during which a powerful coalition of federal
lawmakers, representing farming interests, has had its way on a number
of controversial land-use policies.
Most susceptible to their lobbying, environmentalists say, is President
Michel Temer, who spent much of the past year trading favors with
lawmakers in a successful bid to convince Congress to spare him from
standing trial on corruption charges.
“In practice, Temer has removed Brazil from the Paris agreement, just
like President Trump did, with the difference that he doesn’t have the
courage to assume that position publicly,” said Marina Silva, who was
Brazil’s environment minister from 2003 to 2008. During that period, the
country was celebrated abroad for its aggressive efforts to curb rampant
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