[Marxism] Hilarion Capucci, Archbishop Jailed for Aiding Palestinian Militants, Dies at 94
lnp3 at panix.com
Tue Jan 3 09:40:26 MST 2017
NY Times, Dec. 3 2017
Hilarion Capucci, Archbishop Jailed for Aiding Palestinian Militants,
Dies at 94
By SEWELL CHAN
Archbishop Hilarion Capucci, who as the head of the Greek Catholic
Church in Jerusalem was arrested in 1974 and charged with using his
Mercedes sedan to smuggle arms to Palestinian militants, died on Sunday
in Rome. He was 94.
The death was confirmed by the Vatican, which did not provide a cause or
details about survivors.
Mahmoud Abbas, president of the Palestinian National Authority, praised
Archbishop Capucci for “defending the rights of the Palestinian people.”
In 1965, Archbishop Capucci became the prelate of the tiny Melkite Greek
Catholic community in Jerusalem, comprising around 4,500 Christians in
Jerusalem, the West Bank and central Israel, most of them Arabs. The
church acknowledges the pope’s primacy in matters of faith but follows
the Byzantine rite in matters of liturgy and clerical discipline.
As a religious leader, the archbishop could travel across the
Lebanese-Israeli border without being subject to inspection. On Aug. 8,
1974, Archbishop Capucci was stopped in Jerusalem while he was trying to
drive to Nazareth. Inside his car, the authorities said, was a cache of
weapons: four Kalashnikov rifles, two pistols, 220 pounds of dynamite
and several detonators.
He was released on his recognizance, but arrested 10 days later. He was
accused of acting as an undercover liaison between Fatah, the dominant
faction within the Palestine Liberation Organization, and guerrilla
cells in the West Bank.
The authorities also said he had smuggled gold, whiskey and television
sets across the border.
In addition, investigators said the archbishop had been involved in a
plan to fire three Katyusha rockets toward Jerusalem during a May 1974
visit by Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. (The rockets were
discovered before they went off.)
He was the highest-ranking Christian clergyman ever to be charged by
Israel with such crimes, and the arrest made headlines. Yasir Arafat,
the P.L.O. chairman, called the arrest “a terrible crime.” The Vatican
noted it “with great sorrow.” The archbishop’s supervisor, Maximos V
Hakim, the Melkite Greek patriarch of Antioch, petitioned for his
release and flew to Rome to discuss the situation with Pope Paul VI.
The Israeli authorities, who had kept the archbishop under surveillance
for some time, were unmoved. They said he would stand trial and then
indicted him on charges that included maintaining contact with foreign
agents and carrying illegal weapons. Prosecutors said he had met with
Khalil al-Wazir, a top militant known by the nom de guerre Abu Jihad,
and another militant at the home of the archbishop’s relatives in Beirut.
As the case moved toward trial, the Israeli Army said it had foiled an
Arab terrorist plot to free the archbishop from jail. A judge rejected
the archbishop’s claim of diplomatic immunity, noting that Israel and
the Vatican did not have diplomatic ties. (Full relations were not
established until 1993.) Archbishop Capucci refused to take the stand,
insisting that the court was not competent to try him.
On Dec. 9, 1974, he was sentenced to 12 years in prison. Addressing the
court, he said in Arabic that if Jesus were alive they would have wept
Archbishop Capucci was given a one-person cell and permitted to
celebrate Mass and wear his clerical robe. He was allowed visitors,
including the Latin patriarch of Jerusalem.
On June 28, 1976, militants hijacked an Air France plane en route from
Tel Aviv to Paris, diverted it to Entebbe, Uganda, and demanded that
Israel release 40 prisoners, all of them Palestinians or supporters of
their cause, including Archbishop Capucci. A week later, Israeli
commandos rescued the hostages in a nighttime mission at the Entebbe
Archbishop Capucci’s time in prison came to an end in 1977, after
elections that brought the right-leaning Likud Party to power. The new
government said it would be willing to release him if the pope made a
formal request. The pope requested his release on humanitarian grounds —
he had been on several hunger strikes — and on Nov. 6, his sentence was
commuted. He was put on a commercial flight to Rome, where he was met at
the airport by a P.L.O. delegation.
The release stipulated that Archbishop Capucci not be reassigned in the
Middle East, and after an audience with the pope, he was sent to Latin
America. He irritated the Vatican when, in January 1979, he went to
Damascus to attend a meeting of the National Council of the Palestine
Liberation Organization, of which he was a member. Nonetheless, Pope
John Paul II transferred the archbishop to Western Europe later that year.
Archbishop Capucci maintained his activism in the region. He visited
Americans held captive at the United States Embassy in Iran in 1979;
accompanied the bodies of eight United States service members who were
killed in an unsuccessful mission to free the hostages; and traveled to
Iraq in 1990 to petition Saddam Hussein’s government to release a group
of Italians after the invasion of Kuwait.
He was on board a Turkish-owned ship, part of a 2010 attempt to send
relief to the blockaded Gaza Strip, when it was intercepted by Israeli
Hilarion Capucci was born on March 2, 1922, in Aleppo, Syria, which was
then under French control. He was ordained a priest in 1947 and
appointed patriarchal vicar of Jerusalem and titular bishop of Caesarea
In a 2010 interview with Al Jazeera, he said he had taken part in the
Gaza aid effort “to meet the tortured, persecuted and wronged kinfolk in
the strip to assure them that we are with them morally and spiritually.”
He said his goal was “to establish a free, sovereign, independent state,
with Jerusalem as its capital.”
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