[Marxism] Forwarded from Luko Willms

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Fri Mar 31 06:18:04 MDT 2017

Dear friends and comrades,

Today, Theresa May's Brexit minister David Davies introduced the "Great 
Repeal Bill" announced by May long time ago in the British parliament, 
the "House of Commons".

This law, called by cynics also as the copy-and-paste law, is to convert 
the "acquis" of several decades of EU (and predecessors) rules and 
regulations into national British law, thus effectivly making it British 
law that the UKoGBaNI is a part of the EU internal market.

Remember: the creation of an internal market was and is the basic task 
of and driving force for the creation of a national bourgeoisie, the 
accomplished internal market constituing the economic mode of existence 
of the national bourgeoisie.

Common weights and measures was a basic requirement, same measures for 
length, for weight, and for volume for all products, so that the price 
per unit would be identical in all parts of what would then become an 
"internal market".

Five centuries ago, the brighest minds of the German Peasant War of 1525 
proposed a program for reform of the "Reich" ("realm", the area ruled or 
rather represented by the (elected) emperors of the Holy Roman Realm (of 
German nation). This 12 point program proposed in article 11 to 
establish common measures for all kinds of goods, and in article 10 what 
is today called a currency union, concretely that all gold and silver 
mined be controlled by a central authority, that coins should be 
standardized by weight and with a standard alloy per denomination, that 
the coining prerogative should be accorded only to a number of mints, 
that the the realm's eagle, on the other side with the mint's mark, and 
a standardization of  the names of the various coins with their 
subdivions of large values into smaller ones. Just like the creation of 
the Euro as common currency, except that the Euro has -- as other modern 
currenices -- only two levels, the Euro and the Cent. Other articles 
proposed political reforms. Unfortunately the latest big defeat of the 
peasants at Würzburg made the planned congress in May 1525 at Heilbronn 
impossible, and Germany sunk into the dark of history for a couple of 

Today, in the age industry and of technical products of increasing 
complexity, common weights and measures are no longer sufficient. More 
detailed specifications are being needed, beginning on how to measure 
the power of a steam engine, and then the combustion engine, the 
electrical engine, electrical current, voltage etc. Rules for certifying 
that a given product actually conforms with the specifications etc etc. 
In the USA, Herbert Hoover as commerce secretaray (before becoming 
POTUS) was rationalizing US industry by creating nationwide standards, 
and in Germany, the DIN or "Deutsche IndustrieNorm" helped rationalise 
industry there.

What the European Union and their predecessors created as the modern 
form of common weights and measures is now being made into national 
British law, thus making sure that on the economic side of the Commn 
Internal Market, the British economy remains a constituent part of the 
European common marked (here without capital letters).

Except that the British ruling class will have no more say about those 
common rules and regulations which they have to follow if they want to 
have this deep integration with the economy on the other side of the 
English Channel. Great independence that is, eh?

Margaret Thatcher achieved two important victories for the capitalist 
ruling class: the assaulted the working class on Great Britain, and she 
led the UKoGBaNI into the European Union, thus triggering a process of 
modernizing and rationalizing British industry and commerce - there 
would today be much more misery on Great Britain without this, and e.g. 
an automobile industry in the UK would probably non-existent.

Today there is no "British automobile industry". All car makers besides 
some tiny manufacturers as Morgan are foreign owned, the British content 
of the finished car does not exceed one third, and all manufacturing is 
actually only part of a Europe wide distributed production process. A 
single country is just too small for a self-sufficient automobile 
industry, unless that country's internal market has the size of China, 
the USA and ... the European Union.

Modifying those rules and regulations which the "Great Repeal Bill" 
turns into national British law would break those integrated production 
process, or at least throw sand into the gears of that machinery.

In a certain sense, the future will tell us that for the EU internal 
market the same rule applies as for the Hotel California: "You can check 
out any time, but you can never leave."

While the creation of the internal market is the economic motor of 
creating a national bourgeoisie, and with the class struggle of this 
emerging bourgeoisie its opposite the proletariat, and thus the nation, 
this economic side is not enough for a national bourgeoisie to exist. It 
also needs its political mode of existence, and that is the capitalist 
state as the watchdog over the capitalist relations of production, and 
the monopoly of the national capitalist class over its national internal 
market. And the state is, as Frederic Engels said, in final analysis a 
gang of armed men with some material appendices like prisons.

  But this whole process of creating a national capitalist class with 
its two modes of existence, the internal market and the national state, 
is not a sunday picknick and does not occur with a certain amount of 
violence. Not only violence to pauperize farmers and artisans, depriving 
them of the property of their own means of produciton, but also among 
groups of emerging capitalists aspiring to establish their rule as the 
national state.

In Germany, Brandenburg-Hohenzollern ("Prussia") had to expel their 
south eastern competitor the Habsburgs ruling Austria-Hungary from 
German, and overpower the lesser competitors form southern Germany via 
the common war against France, and proclaim "Großdeutschland" as little 
Germany -- in Versailles, France.

In France, the northern kingdom overpowered their southern competitors. 
In England, they had Cromwell, in the USA the civil war which despite 
all intentions resulted in the end of chattel slavery.

  Why the inter-imperialist wars of the first half of the 20th century? 
Besides the redivision of the colonial empires, the cause was that the 
capitalist mode of production burst the national borders. The German 
national bourgeoisie as the strongest in Europe, could not escape the 
fate and had to try to "organize Europe", by the force of arms.

The USA intervened 1917 in the European war to settle the question, and 
to avoid that a competitor for world domination could a arise in Europe, 
and by that token became a major power on the European scene. In the so 
called 2nd World War, the USA established herself as the dominant power 
in Europe.

And only under the US domination could the lesser European powers begin 
and try to overcome the far too narrow national borders and create the 
ever growing European Union (BTW, the US politcal strategist George F. 
Kennan called already in 1944 for the division of Germany and the 
creation of a European Union).

Now, the integration of the European economies in the European Union has 
reached the point where the creation of a central political power is on 
the agenda.

But all EU member states have their own national bourgeosie.  And nobody 
has ever seen two established national bourgeoisies to merge. Nobody has 
ever seen two hermit crabs residing in the same shell.

There are only two ways to advance, either one national bourgeoisie 
overpowering another or all others, which I can't imagine without a 
shooting war. It is not imaginably that e.g. the French bourgeoisie 
gives the German bourgeoise the keys to their Force de Frappe, the 
French nuclear arms, or the control  over the two central banks managing 
the two Franc CFA areas for former French colonies in West and Central 
Africa respectively.

  The first casualty is the British ruling class which is rather 
avoiding to fight and which is embarking on a road into the unknown, as 
The Guardian put it on its title page.

  The other, and the only one avoiding mayhem is that the proletariat 
winds power out of the hands of each and every national bourgeoisie, 
which would not necessarily be a simultaneous process in all countries, 
but would certainly be closely intertwined.

  While an isolated socialist revolution in Luxemburg would probably be 
crushed by French and German intervention, a socialist revolution in 
either France or Germany would induce a follow-up in Luxemburg on its 
foot steps. But, of course, we can't look into the future.

  The victorious proletariat would not unwind the creation of this 
European wide internal market, since this is part of the 
rationalisations of production and distribution of the products which 
the proletariat would have to achieve anyway.

  I falls upon us to work for the creation of the proletariat's 
necessary instrument, i.e. the revolutionary parties to lead the  taking 
of power out of the hands of the capitalist dictatorship.

  There is no other way.

Mit freundlichen Grüßen,
Lüko Willms

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