[Marxism] Fwd: Bayezid II - Wikipedia

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Tue Jan 30 13:17:22 MST 2018

In July 1492, the new state of Spain expelled its Jewish and Muslim 
populations as part of the Spanish Inquisition. Bayezid II sent out the 
Ottoman Navy under the command of admiral Kemal Reis to Spain in 1492 in 
order to evacuate them safely to Ottoman lands. He sent out 
proclamations throughout the empire that the refugees were to be 
welcomed.[17] He granted the refugees the permission to settle in the 
Ottoman Empire and become Ottoman citizens. He ridiculed the conduct of 
Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile in expelling a class of 
people so useful to their subjects. "You venture to call Ferdinand a 
wise ruler," he said to his courtiers, "he who has impoverished his own 
country and enriched mine!"[18] Bayezid addressed a firman to all the 
governors of his European provinces, ordering them not only to refrain 
from repelling the Spanish refugees, but to give them a friendly and 
welcome reception.[18] He threatened with death all those who treated 
the Jews harshly or refused them admission into the empire. Moses 
Capsali, who probably helped to arouse the sultan's friendship for the 
Jews, was most energetic in his assistance to the exiles. He made a tour 
of the communities and was instrumental in imposing a tax upon the rich, 
to ransom the Jewish victims of the persecution.

The Muslims and Jews of al-Andalus (Iberia) contributed much to the 
rising power of the Ottoman Empire by introducing new ideas, methods and 
craftsmanship. The first printing press in Constantinople was 
established by the Sephardic Jews in 1493. It is reported that under 
Bayezid's reign, Jews enjoyed a period of cultural flourishing, with the 
presence of such scholars as the Talmudist and scientist Mordecai 
Comtino; astronomer and poet Solomon ben Elijah Sharbiṭ ha-Zahab; 
Shabbethai ben Malkiel Cohen, and the liturgical poet Menahem Tamar.


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