[Marxism] The New Deal State and Segregation

Michael Meeropol mameerop at gmail.com
Tue Aug 13 10:02:55 MDT 2019


One thing that was a "side effect" of the New Deal was that the Northern
blacks who had the right to vote and who had been reliably Republican since
Reconstruction became Democratic as a result of the New Deal provision of
jobs, "relief" (= welfare), and other opportunities in the unionizing
sectors of US manufacturing --- This reliably Democratic voting bloc became
and important pressure point on Democrats in Congress to break with the
Southern segregationists and support the legislative agenda of the Civil
Rights movement in the 1960s --- yes, it took over 30 years for the
"fruits" of those New Deal changes to work their way through the polity ---
but I think it is not too much of a stretch to say that the Roosevelt
administration in the effects it had in Northern and Western states led to
the new pro-Civil Rights coalition (which remember, included Everett
Dirksen of the Senate who helped engineer the cloture votes that stopped
Southern filibusters of the 1964 and 65 acts which were the centerpieces of
the "Second Reconstruction.") --

First political "shot" fired in that struggle was arguably Harry Truman's
(mostly symbolic) "desegregation" of the US armed forces --- it was
Eisenhower who actually did it later on ....


<https://www.jacobinmag.com/2019/08/new-deal-segregation-richard-rothstein-walker-color-of-law>
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