[Marxism] Leading scientists set out resource challenge of meeting net zero emissions in the UK by 2050 | Natural History Museum

Louis Proyect lnp3 at panix.com
Thu Jan 16 10:31:53 MST 2020

The metal resource needed to make all cars and vans electric by 2050 and 
all sales to be purely battery electric by 2035. To replace all UK-based 
vehicles today with electric vehicles (not including the LGV and HGV 
fleets), assuming they use the most resource-frugal next-generation NMC 
811 batteries, would take 207,900 tonnes cobalt, 264,600 tonnes of 
lithium carbonate (LCE), at least 7,200 tonnes of neodymium and 
dysprosium, in addition to 2,362,500 tonnes copper. This represents, 
just under two times the total annual world cobalt production, nearly 
the entire world production of neodymium, three quarters the world’s 
lithium production and at least half of the world’s copper production 
during 2018. Even ensuring the annual supply of electric vehicles only, 
from 2035 as pledged, will require the UK to annually import the 
equivalent of the entire annual cobalt needs of European industry.


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